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BUYERS GUIDE - WAGONS LARGE

LAND ROVER DEFENDER WAGONs
After a 68-year lifetime Land Rover's original design was no more. The MY2020 replacement was quite different.

 

Land Rover diehards were disappointed with the post-2020 Defender that was  more off-road capable Range Rover than  Defender. The only carry-over signature from the original Defender was aluminium bodywork.

 

Defender 110

 

If you climbed underneath the Defender it’s patently obvious that its powertrain, driveline and suspensions were almost identical to those fitted to the Discovery and Range Rovers. Exterior and interior styling aped the square-rigged Series Land Rovers, Countys and Defenders, but there was nothing left of that original DNA. Nor was there a ute derivative.

What did remain was off-road ability and the new vehicle was billed as being ‘expedition-ready’. It had a maximum payload of up to 900kg, roof load of 168kg, towing capacity of 3500kg and wading depth of up to 900mm.

The initial release was a 110 five-door model that was followed by a shorter wheelbase three-door 90 model in late-2020.

Incidentally, the original ’90’ and ‘110’ nomenclature indicated 90-inch and 110-inch wheelbases, but the new Defender 90’s wheelbase is 2587mm (101 inches) and the 110’s is 3022mm (119 inches).

 

Defender 130

 

In June 2022 the 130, eight-seat, three-row model was introduced, but retained the 110 model’s wheelbase. The original Defender 130 model was a crew-cab ute with a wheelbase of 3225mm (127 inches).

 

Defender 130 seating

 

Although 200mm shorter than the original 130 model’s wheelbase, the 110 model’s wheelbase carries the new 130’s three-row seating, but the rear overhang is longer than the 110’s.

 

Defender 90

 

The latest Defender 90 and 110 models had styling echoes from its predecessor: minimal front and rear overhangs, Alpine light windows in the roof and a side-hinged rear tailgate with externally-mounted spare wheel.

Gerry McGovern, Land Rover’s chief designer said: “The new Defender is respectful of its past but is not harnessed by it.

“This is a new Defender for a new age.”

Inside, structural elements and fixings usually hidden from view were exposed and the floor covering was rubberised fabric. There was a dash-mounted gear shifter that allowed fitment of an optional central front ‘jump’ seat, which provided three-abreast seating, like early Land Rovers did.

As a result, the Defender 110 offered five, six or 5+2 seating configurations, with a load space behind the second-row seats of up to 1075 litres, and as much as 2380 litres when the second row was folded.

The Defender 90 could accommodate six occupants in a vehicle the length of a compact family hatchback.

An optional full-length folding fabric roof provided an open-top feel and allowed passengers in the second-row seats of the 110 to stand up when the vehicle was parked: ‘to provide the full safari experience’, whatever that is. The biggest takers of this feature were likely to be Middle East sheiks, who love the sport of falconing.

 

 

The new bodywork was lightweight aluminium monocoque construction that resulted in the stiffest body structure Land Rover had ever produced and was said to be three times stiffer than traditional body-on-frame designs. Although an aluminium monocoque is a weight-saving design initiative the new Defender was no lightweight vehicle, with tare estimated around at least 2.2 tonnes.

The stiff structure provided the base for fully independent air or coil sprung suspension and the Frankfurt Motor Show release Defenders had suspension units and diff housings that appeared to be very similar to those fitted to the Discovery and to current Range Rovers.

 

 

Importantly for humid parts of Australia, the air suspension system incorporated a filter and an air drier.

During development testing, prototype models covered millions of kilometres across some of the harshest environments on earth, ranging from the 50-degree heat of the desert and sub 40-degree cold of the Arctic to altitudes of 3000 metres in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado.

The driveline had permanent all-wheel drive, ZF eight-speed automatic gearbox, two-speed transfer case with centre differential lock and optional active locking rear differential.

Configurable Terrain Response debuted on the new Defender. ClearSight Ground View technology showed the area usually hidden by the bonnet on a central touchscreen.

Ground clearance was up to 291mm.

A choice of petrol and diesel engines was supplemented by a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) powertrain later in 2020.

At launch, the petrol engine was an in-line, three-litre, six-cylinder P400 (297kW), featuring efficient mild hybrid electric vehicle technology. The four-cylinder diesels were a D200 (147kW) and a D240 (177kW).

In mid-2020 a six-cylinder D300 diesel engine, with 220kW/650Nm was added to the lineup.

 

The Defender introduced Land Rover’s
Pivi Pro infotainment system and took software-over-the-air (SOTA) technology to a new level, with 14 individual modules capable of receiving updates.

The model range comprised Defender, First Edition and top of the range Defender X models, as well as standard, S, SE, HSE specification packs, plus four accessory packs: Explorer, Adventure, Country and Urban.

In mid-2020 the $7500 X-Dynamic pack was slotted between Defender and Defender X models.

In addition to the accessory packs, the Defender had the widest choice of individual accessories ever assembled for a new Land Rover, including a remote control electric winch, rooftop tent, inflatable waterproof awnings, tow bars and roof racks.

Pricing  at the Australian launch started at $71,500 and ramped up to $134,690. The Defender 110 started at $74,500 and topped out at $137,690.

 

On and off-road

 

 

Our first evaluation vehicle was a P400 S spec’, which meant it was powered by an in-line, three-litre Ingenium petrol six and had a base price of $95,335. That’s a long way from the original Defender pricing, isn’t it? But wait, there’s more.

The test vehicle was fitted with a stack of optional extras, including: sliding, panoramic sunroof; towing pack with Terrain Response 2 and Advanced Tow Assist; 20-inch wheels with Duratrac off-road tyres; electronic active rear differential; centre console fridge box (tiny); Meridian sound system; wireless device charging; third-row, manual seats; three-zone climate control; adaptive cruise control and rear traffic monitor; black interior; metallic paint; privacy glass; load-through second-row seats; cabin air ionisation and air-quality sensing.

That lot took the ask to $123,616, plus the cost of the off-road rubber.

For that sort of money you’d expect excellent fit, finish and comfort and that’s certainly what we got, but there were some jarring notes. Examples were a driver’s side exterior mirror that wouldn’t adjust through a wide-enough range and seat adjustment that was part-manual, part-electric.

 

 

Also, the leather-cloth combination seat upholstery was an example of form over function, because the cloth seat edges suffered water stains from rain drops.

One of our test team aligned the Defender’s spartan-look interior, including its exposed screw heads, with Dolly Parton’s famous remark that: “It takes a lot of money to look this cheap!”

Although its exterior shape and interior design cues were ‘retro’ the Defender now has Discovery and Range Rover air-suspension DNA, not the former live axles, so its on-road behaviour was impeccable. It rode and handled just like a Rangie.

Performance from the petrol six was amazing, thanks to an electric supercharger complementing the turbocharger. However, there was noticeable hesitation with small accelerator-pedal movements, making response slow and low-speed manoeuvring a tad tricky.

Flat-out acceleration was in the sports-car league, but, driven like that, the lack of fuel economy was just as amazing. Operated in a legal and traffic-compatible manner it averaged 14L/100km.

 

 

The Ingenium engine fitted comfortably into the Defender’s bay, but the level of electrical, electronic and plumbing complexity would be beyond the ability of any outback service station, we felt. Land Rover closed nearly all of its bush dealerships years ago, so when you leave civilisation, you’re pretty much on your own.

We’re used to adaptive cruise control these days and the Defender’s seemed to be previous-generation, in comparison with some other systems, such as the one fitted to the 2021 D-MAX. The Land Rover’s adaptive cruise sometimes became confused by adjacent-lane vehicles and also took a long time to speed up once the vehicle had been steered into the fast lane.

A plus was headlights that lit up the bush better than most standard peepers, if not being up to the standard of the adaptive Range Rover headlights that were the best we’ve tested.

We didn’t perform any tow-testing with this 95-octane-mandated vehicle, because we doubted it’s anyone’s bush-towing first choice. We’ did do aa alter test with the diesel three-litre six. See below.

On dirt and gravel roads the Defender was reassuringly sure-footed and the ride quality was excellent. When ground clearance became a concern we selected a ride-height increase – midway between on-road and serious off-road – and the Defender firmed up a little, but was still an excellent unsealed road performer.

As we expected, the Defender also handled our rock-hopping off-road course with ease, once we stopped, selected ’N’ and engaged low-range gearing. That allowed a further height increase by the air suspension and we didn’t scrape anything. 

The forward-facing camera gave a useful view of the ground in front of the vehicle when it was obscured by the bonnet.

 

 

Not so bush-friendly were twin radiators, tucked into both ends of the front bumper. These were connected by convoluted plastic pipes to the coolant/air pancake intercooler on top of the engine that both the supercharger and turbocharger fed into. The little radiators already had stone ‘dings’ in them, showing they were in need of much more damage protection.

Another, smaller sign that form had taken precedent over function in the design of the Defender was the weird arrangement of the bonnet-release lever. The latch was on the right hand side A-pillar, at foot level.

 

 

Obviously, during testing, this positioning had caused some issues, because it’s very easy to kick the latch when entering and leaving the vehicle. The ‘cure’ was not to relocate the latch, but to fit a ‘stopper’ moulding to the door, so that when the door was closed, the latch was protected.

This evaluation gave us some first-drive impressions of the Defender range , but we were looking forward to a longer test, with towing involved, as soon as possible.

 

Diesel model test

 

 

Our promised diesel model test was postponed, thanks to Covid-19, until late-2021. When it arrived the model was a top-shelf D300, powered by an in-line, three-litre, twin-turbo six that put out a more than respectable 220kW at 4000rpm, with peak torque of 650Nm in the 1500-2500rpm band, aided by a mild-hybrid, battery-electric-motor package.

 

 

Economy, including a brief tow test averaged at an excellent 10.8L/100km.

Shockingly, it was fitted with a ‘pancake’ coolant-air intercooler atop the engine, of similar design to the one fitted to the petrol model we tested in 2020.

 

 

Also part of that package were the same vulnerable heat exchangers at each end the front bumper.  These radiators were connected to the intercooler by long coolant hoses and they exhausted hot air into the front wheel arches, through slots in the inner mudguards.

 

 

These two little radiators were obviously necessary to keep the intercooler doing its job, even in the case of the diesel engine. 

As a result, we confined our testing to roads where there was no likelihood of encountering a wallaby or wombat that could stove in a plastic bumper corner, dislodge a radiator and cause a total loss of intercooler and engine coolant. 

“I’d fit a ‘roo bar,” we hear you suggest, but the bar designs we’ve seen don’t protect the two bumper-end radiator scoops.

Flying rock damage is another possible cause of breakdown and there’s the prospect of cleaning grasshoppers out of them, or washing out black-soil mud…

 

 

The test vehicle had a base RRP of $96,780 and was fitted with options that included a soft fabric roof ($4810); Family Pack – adjustable second-row seats, three-zone climate control, chiller, air quality sensing and air ionisation – ($4796); Twing/Touring Pack – All Terrain Progress Control, Terrain Response II, advanced tow assist and a tongue receiver – ($4044); metallic paint ($2060); black highlights (999); privacy glass ($999); heated front seats ($806); electronically-controlled rear diff locking ($806); walnut veneer ($598); load-through rear seats ($572) and air suspension with adaptive dynamics and headlight levelling (a no-cost option).

Our driving impressions were similar to our experience in the petrol-engined-Defender: a pair of wagons that went like hell, handled better than other-brand ‘real 4WD’ wagons, had excellent fit and finish and exceptionally low noise levels.

Off-road was a similar story, where the diesel was even more relaxed than the petrol model, conquering our test course with absolute ease. Air-suspension height control, terrain response, deep low-range gearing, traction control and an auto-locking rear diff did the trick smoothly and quietly.

 

 

We can understand the attraction of these machines to people who just take them for a dealer-sanctioned test drive, because all Land Rover/Range Rover products are extremely civilised these days.

However, the prospective wagon purchasers we involved in our evaluation were more hard-headed. One couple flatly rejected the idea of bumper-corner radiators and ended their inspection there and then.

Another couple delved further and allowed us to hook up their Vista camper trailer for a tow test, that the Defender handled with as much ease as if there were no trailer behind it. 

 

 

The on-board cameras also gave excellent vision along the sides of the trailer.

However, there were coupling issues, because the Defender’s spare tyre hung lower than ideal and didn’t allow much clearance between the trailer coupling and the towball. It was a marginal clearance job for a drawbar that sat at typical 500mm camper-trailer height. Lower-height, on-road caravan drawbars should clear the tyre OK.

Mitsubishi had a similar issue with the Pajero’s door-mounted spare and provided a lifting adaptor for the wheel hub. However, the Defender’s spare mount can’t be raised easily.

 

 

This prospective buying couple was daunted by the Defender’s cargo area, contrasting it with their current 200 Series ‘Cruiser. They thought the door opening was way too narrow and the interior cargo space nowhere as spacious as the original Defender’s.

In summary, we’re disappointed that the Defender had brilliant performance and ergonomics, with on and off road capability that equalled very high Discovery/Rangie standards, but with design features that would not have been acceptable to the original Defender engineers. 

 

 

As the 2020 critics said: “It’s not a Defender replacement; it’s a Disco-Rangie with retro-look bodywork”. 

We agree with them and so does Ian Ratcliffe, INEOS CEO, whose Grenadier wagon is scheduled for Australian release in mid-2022.

 

 

Previous models

 

Land Rover Defender 110 WagonThe Land Rover Defender ceased production on Friday, January 29th, 2016: almost 68 years since its predecessor, the Series One Land Rover went into production.

The first Land Rover came on to the scene in April 1948 and was modelled on American WWII Jeeps.

However, there was surplus warplane aluminium sheet in Britain, so that was used for the bodywork, instead of the Jeep’s steel panels.

The original Land Rover design lasted through three series until 1983, at which time it was rebadged County and fitted with coil springs and full-time 4WD. The Defender was released in 1992.

In 2016 LandRover sold the two-millionth unit since production of the original began in 1948 and the remarkable $A820,000 auction price was donated to charity.

Defender 2,000,000 was built by Land Rover brand ambassadors and people from the company’s history, including the sons of the founders of Land Rover, Stephen and Nick Wilks, actress and conservationist Virginia McKenna, and adventurer Bear Grylls. The car was also given the tick of approval by the original project engineer for Land Rover, Arthur Goddard, now aged 94 and living in Australia.

The vehicle wore special ‘S90 HUE’ registration plates, paying tribute to the original ‘HUE 166’ registration of the first pre-production Land Rover.

Land Rover Defender 110 WagonThe last iterations of the Defender were in 2007 and 2012.

The 2007 Defender’s bonnet bulge accommodated an intercooled 2.4-litre turbo-diesel four from the Ford Transit range that put out 90kW at 3500rpm and 360Nm at 2000rpm, with 315Nm from 1500rpm.

That engine was replaced by a smaller capacity 2.2-litre in 2012, with identical outputs.

The 2007 Defender came standard with ABS brakes and traction control.  It also retained a bush-preferred transmission drum handbrake.

The Defender had full-time four wheel drive, via a lockable centre diff. Towing rating was for a 3500kg braked trailer.

The Defender rolled on aluminium wheels with tubeless tyres and buyers could opt for the 130 ute’s 7.50R16 tubeless rubber on steel wheels.

Land Rover Defender 110 WagonThere was a DNA change inside the new Defender, where the dashboard was unlike anything that had gone before it: a single-piece moulding incorporating a plastic-covered binnacle with large, legible instruments, including – be still my beating heart – a rev counter! 

But there was more: four, fan-fed air vents that piped standard, real, air-conditioned air (not the mildly cooled and dried puff of yesteryear), a CD/radio, switches for the front powered windows and a passenger-side bin with a solid grab handle.

The passenger’s right foot no longer needed to fight for space with the heater plenum. Fear not, Landophiles: the clock was still analogue, not digital. The Defender had remote central locking and front power windows, bucket front seats and a three-seat rear bench with tight legroom.

The Defender was available for the first time with a pair of third-row seats as a $2000 option, making it a seven-seater.

The 2012 2.2-litre diesel engine replaced the 2.4-litre diesel. Despite the smaller capacity, the new engine produced the same power, 90kW at 3500rpm and torque, 360Nm at 2000rpm, as the outgoing 2.4-litre engine.

Performance remained similar too, although the theoretical top speed was raised to 145km/h compared with 132km/h for the previous version.

The GFT MT 82 six-speed gearbox was retained for 2012, but with a lower-speed first gear.

Seat trims included durable all-vinyl and cloth specifications, and a half-leather option was also available as an option on all derivatives. Three-point safety belts were specified for all seating positions.

 

On and off-road

The 2012 Land Rover’s driver’s seat was still too far outboard and close to the door panel, but it was better than before. The new front seats remained a tad short in the cushion, but there was more shoulder support than previously and the second and optional third-row seats were reasonably comfortable for adults with shortish legs.

Land Rover Defender 110 Wagon It was possible to access the third row from the second-row doors or the cargo door.

The Defender’s gear stick poked out of a sound-deadened transmission tunnel and a new stubby lever operated the old transfer case and centre diff lock.

Reverse and first were side by side, which should have been handy for off-road ‘rocking’ manoeuvres, but in practice it didn’t work so well, because the detent spring on reverse was very stiff.

The new Defender had a funny clutch action – not funny so you’d laugh – that lacked friction-point ‘feel’. Previous Defenders had been unhappy at speeds above 95km/h, but the new one sat on the legal limit without fuss and with surprisingly little wind noise.

With a half-tonne test load on board the all-coil Defender had great balance through the ‘twisties’, because the Defender’s new suspension calibration  firmed up the ride somewhat and cornering action was flatter.

Its full-time 4WD system provided good cornering grip on most surfaces.

Off road, what the Land Rover lacked in torque it made up for in gearing and its powerful traction control system matched many vehicles’ across-axle, diff-lock traction. Land Rover Defender 110 Wagon

Unlike many traction-controlled wagons that substitute traction control for wheel travel the Defender retained its legendary long-travel suspension, so the traction control system didn’t get the same workout it does in road-oriented wagons. Low-range gearing in the new Defender was a class-leading 63:1 in low first.

With tyre pressures dropped for soft sand the Defender was virtually unstoppable.

A single fuel tank of only 75 litres’ capacity is not ideal for Defenders that go seriously bush, but economy wasn’t bad: in mixed-cycle on and off road use it should average around 11-14L/100km. Servicing intervals were at 10,000km.

 

The first Defenders

On paper, the most advanced workhorse 4WD, the Defender was let down by ancient styling, poor ergonomics and indifferent build quality that prevented it reaching its potential. By the time Land Rover lifted its production game in the late 1990s the damage to the Defender’s reputation had been done.

However, there are many Land Rover addicts who are prepared to forgive the marque almost any indiscretion, citing in its favour class-leading chassis strength, driveline design and superior ride and handling. They’re correct in stating that there’s no workhorse ute or wagon in the market that can match the Defender’s full-time 4WD driveline, rigid chassis and all-coil suspension.

When the Defender was released in March 1992, Land Rover had been out of the workhorse market since the demise of the County in 1988.

Australian-market Countys were powered by the thirsty 3.5-litre Rover petrol V8 or, locally, by the same Isuzu 4BD1, 3.9-litre, four-cylinder diesel that Rover Australia bolted into the Army Land Rovers. There was no factory diesel available, because Land Rover UK had bailed out of diesel engine production.

That changed in 1992, when the Discovery wagon and the Defender (a slightly reshaped County) were introduced, powered by a 2.5-litre Land Rover diesel.

The new engine was a technological breakthrough, featuring direct injection, turbocharging and intercooling at a time when nearly all Japanese diesels were naturally aspirated, pre-chamber types. Claimed maximum output for the 200Tdi was 80kW at 3800rpm, with peak torque of 255Nm at 1800rpm.

The Rover turbo-intercooled, direct-injection diesel quickly proved to be the most economical 4WD ute powerplant in the market.

The Defender chassis was formed from 2mm-thick box-sections and mounted four-coil suspension with live axles front and rear. The Defender came with a bush-capable 3.3:1 deep reduction gear ratio and full-time 4WD. The centre differential lock could be engaged and disengaged in both high and low range.

The Defender ute was rated at 1.3 tonnes payload, with a trailer towing capability of four tonnes, giving it a clear edge over its Japanese competitors.

Initially, only the cab/chassis Defender was available in Australia and sold for 30 grand without sales tax. It was soon joined by a four-door wagon and a two-door, long-wheelbase hard-top.

There was no doubt that the Defender had class-leading payload, ride quality and on and off road ute performance, but the ‘British Disease’ lingered: evident in poor build quality and an almost total disdain for cabin ergonomics. Many prospective buyers found they just couldn’t fit behind the wheel of a Defender.

The Australian Army ordered more Land Rovers in June 1994 and there was a strong rumour that the Army 6×6 machine’s wide-cab, with its ample interior space, would become commercially available, but that proved to be a furphy.

However, later that year, Rover Australia released the 130 Crew Cab Defender, on a longer wheelbase that allowed much more payload – 1.4 tonnes- than any other crew cab 4WD ute.

The 130 and the 1995 model-year 110 ute picked up the new Land Rover R380 transmission and the 300 Tdi engine. Pricing for the 130 Crew Cab was 40 grand for tax-exempt buyers.

The 300 Tdi was a significantly upgraded 2.5-litre diesel, with 83kW output at 4000rpm and peak torque of 265Nm at 1800rpm.

In November 1994, Rover Australia released a limited-edition, Tanami, version of the four-door wagon. The Tanami was promoted by bush-tucker man, Les Hiddins, and featured a full-length roof rack, a ‘roo bar with twin 100-watt driving lights, a snorkel, a shovel, axe and pick strapped to the bonnet, a radiator insect screen and ‘Tanami’ decals. The Tanami retailed for $42,995.

By 1999, when Land Rover launched the five-cylinder Td5 diesel, the two-door, long wheelbase hardtop and the 110 cab/chassis had faded away, so the lineup for the new century was down to the 110 wagon, the 130 cab/chassis and 130 Crew Cab.

However, the ‘Xtreme’ wagon option offered features not available in any other medium-priced wagon. The Defender Xtreme came with 7×16 aluminium wheels, 235/85 tyres, ABS braking and electronic traction control.

The four-cylinder Tdi continued in the short-cab ute and the new Td5 powered the Crew Cab and the wagons.
The Td5 was class-leading, having camshaft-driven, high-pressure unit injectors that reduced emissions and increased output over the previous four-cylinder diesels.

The new engine was rated at 90kW at 4200rpm and 300Nm at 1950rpm. Oil change intervals were extended from 10,000km to 20,000km, but the recommendation for off-road Defender Td5s was for an oil drop at 10,000km.

The R380 five-speed transmission was upgraded in 1999, with larger bushes, improved synchromesh (including reverse) and a quieter gear train, and the transfer case was fitted with a cable selector.

That’s how the lineup continued until late 2002, when the short-wheelbase Defender 90 was introduced, in Xtreme specification, powered by the Td5 engine. It proved to be a short-lived model, being dropped three years later, after disappointing sales.

 

What breaks

Some early models had gearbox problems, which can be expensive to repair, so beware of vehicles with dodgy shift actions or noise.

Shock absorber durability was an ongoing problem with Defenders and many used vehicles have after-market shocks. Tired shocker symptoms include wheel bounce and vibration at speed, or excessive steering wheel kick.

Land Rover TDi diesels need professional servicing, including valve clearance adjustments every 20,000 km and camshaft timing belt replacement every 80,000km. If in doubt about the belt’s age, allow around $500 for a replacement. Avoid buying a diesel that lacks a service history, because poorly maintained
Tdis will have reliability problems.

Later model Defenders seem to be very reliable and while there are still instances of oil leaks, failed wheel bearings and electrical dramas, there’s no consistent problem pattern.

Early Transit diesels had vacuum pump failures, but a new pump is said to have fixed that issue. Servicing costs should be no higher for a Defender than for any other 4WD.

 

Bush Modifications

The later pre-2016 Defender wagons had traction control, but older models have open front and rear differentials. A pair of after-market diff locks is the traction solution. Long-range fuel tanks are available, to extend touring range and the squared-off cargo area is ideal for fitting drawer units and a fridge.

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